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Topic: learn about the character of Ms. Hien in the story One Hanoian by writer Nguyen Khai

Sample essay to learn about the character of Ms. Hien in the story One person in Hanoi


Story of a Hanoian by writer Nguyen Khai, printed in a collection of stories of the same name published in 1990, the period of renewal of Vietnamese literature. Miss Hien is the main character of the story. Through the character of Ms. Hien, the author discovers the beauty in the depth of the soul, the personality of Hanoi’s people, representing the Vietnamese woman in the face of many ups and downs and the development of the country. The character “I” introduces Ms. Hien, talks about her thoughts and affection for Ms. Hien – “Sisters and siblings with my old mother”.

The author does not talk about Ms. Hien’s appearance, but only tells about her voice, way of life, and behavior in her husband’s and children’s family relationships with relatives, friends, and the times. When her grandchild, the owner of Uncle Ho, cordially and curiously asked her about the class composition, about “why don’t you have to study re-education…”, she smiled brightly: “why are you not qualified enough?” , and casually said: “I have a very bourgeois face, a very bourgeois way of life, but without exploiting anyone, how can I become a bourgeois?”

When many friends doubted: “Isn’t it strange that she looks like a bourgeois without being educated?”, she answered with relief: “Those women don’t know, but the state knows very well.” It is true that she is smarter than her friends, and more “up to date” than her husband. Previously, her family also hired a cook and a nanny. The nanny looked after her children from the age of 19 to the age of 45. During those 26 years, she considered her brother and sister-in-law “loving as one of them”, treated them very kindly, so later when she returned to her hometown, she became the owner of the cooperative. The couple still go back and forth intimately, “on the anniversary of the uncle’s death anniversary and on New Year’s Day, they bring rice, green beans, vermicelli and wine, all made by the whole family, to give to her and the children”.

Business also shows that she is “smarter” than her friends and “more up-to-date” than her husband. Her husband teaches, and thanks to writing books, he earns some money, so he can buy two mansions. one house for living and one house for rent in Hang Bun. October 1954. When Hanoi was liberated, in 1956, she sold her house in Hang Bun to a friend who had just returned from the resistance war. Only a year later, the period of “renovation …”. An official came to ask about the house, referring to the house in Hang Bun, Ms. Hien replied very politely: “Please come to the house you just said, ask the home team directly how they respond. If you have any questions, please come back.”

When her husband, who was not allowed to open a private school, wanted to buy a small printer for his business, Ms. Hien asked her husband: “Can you stand the machine? Can you arrange the type?” Do you want to be a boss under this regime?”, the husband “calculated being shy, withdrawing immediately” before the wife’s very timely questions.

Ms. Hien also does business, also does business, also has shops. But she only sells one kind of confetti. confetti, flower baskets woven with bamboo … very beautiful made by her own hands, sold very expensive, but “very light taxable”, not known as bourgeois, small owners at all between the time of “reform and struggle” class struggle.. Ms. Hien is very wise, she knows how to live rationally and behave according to the times. It takes a mature and experienced person to have such a way of life and business, and to have such a “realistic mind”.

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Hien is very sensitive, sharp and delicate. Hear me cry out: ‘Mom! Comrade Khai is coming!” Then she snapped: “You have to call him Khai, do you understand?” When she saw her husband holding her grandchild’s hand, innocently asking: “why didn’t you go out last Sunday, the whole family waited for dinner”, then she “sighed, turned around”. When the grandchild asked about the people and the times, she replied: “A lot of fun, a lot of talking, must think about doing business?”. When listening to the nanny tell the whole family that there was an officer following “unlucky”, Ms. Hien commented: “What revolution always pays attention to trifles”.

“Miss Hien on the outside, Ms. Dai on the inside” are talented, brave Ha Thanh women, everything is “calculated first”, and always “calculated right”. these women “have no pride, jealousy, and fashion in the way”. these women “have no romance or fantasies. Counted as doing, done is not paying attention to the gossip of people.” That is the comment of his nephew – Comrade Khai.

Ms. Hien said bluntly to her grandchild: “I have never been tempted by anyone in my life, including the regime”. Originally a Hanoi girl, the daughter of a rich family, but about thirty years old, she got married. Not taking a mandarin at all. Promises nothing to the literary artists. She just chose a gentle elementary school teacher who has been with her for hundreds of years, to be a wife and mother, “surprising Hanoi”.

After giving birth to her fifth child, she said to her husband: “From now on, the birth is over, forty years old. If you and I live to be sixty years old, the youngest child will be twenty and be independent. don’t have to live with brothers and sisters.”

Ms. Hien especially attaches importance to the role of the family woman: the wife is not only a housewife but a “internal minister”. She criticized her nephew – Comrade Khai: “You bully your wife too much, don’t let her decide anything on her own, that’s broken.” If a woman is not a “inside minister, then the family is not good”.

As a mother, she cares for and cares for her children to “be proud of themselves, to be ashamed”, that is, to keep their dignity. Right from the time the children were young, sitting at the table, she often paid attention to “correct the way to sit, the way to hold the bowls and chopsticks, the way to scoop soup, and the way to talk during the meal”. She advised her children and grandchildren: “If you are Hanoians, the way you walk, stand, and speak must be standard, and you must not live arbitrarily or loosely.”

The legend is that of Nguyen Trai’s family, there is a passage:

When he was a child at home, he served at home, under his parents obeyed. When walking, when standing, when sitting, in the measure, out dignified …

Did Miss Hien teach her children how to live according to the traditions of the ancients? She made it clear to her nephew about the mother’s “duty” to teach her children: “to be self-respecting, to be ashamed, and to do whatever you want in the future.”

During the anti-American era. Ms. Hien has shown her motherly love and civic awareness very clearly. In 1965, Hanoi had a recruitment campaign to fight in the South, the first phase was declared very carefully selected, with about 660 people, “the elite boys of Hanoi”. Dung is the first child of Ms. Hien, who has just graduated from high school and voluntarily applied to fight the US that time. When the grandchild asked: “Are you willing to let me fight?” She replied: “I am painfully satisfied, because I do not want it to live on your sacrifice. If it dares to go, it is also self-respecting.” For three years, she did not receive any news of her dead child. But when the younger sister asked for an application to fight America, she answered when the nephew asked: “I do not encourage, nor do I prevent, to prevent means to tell him to find a way to live so that his friends have to die, which is also a how to kill it”.

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In the middle of her teenage years, Ms. Hien taught the same child about self-esteem, about the obligations of a young man. She also expressed her patriotism, the attitude of a mother, a Hanoi woman in the community: “I also want to live on the same level with other mothers, either live or die, happily. So what’s the fun?”

Ms. Hien was luckier than Tuat’s mother, luckier than thousands and thousands of other mothers. In December 1975, her son Dung returned. She asked surprised: “What do you want to buy?” when the son with the backpack walked into the middle of the house. Her son is too thin, too black, too much beard, there is no trace of a Hanoi boy, so the mother can’t see it.

On normal days, Ms. Hien, Ms. Hien’s friends.. dress casually, “short cotton shirt, dark pants, sandals, clogs, square woolen scarf tied around the neck or covered the head. But at the party to celebrate the peaceful return of the son who went to war against the enemy, the guests – former citizens of Hanoi, were dressed elegantly. the men wore a blazer, suit, and tie; women with gray hair, or half blue and half silver, but wearing “velvet tops, night gowns, wearing pearls and moving around with a string”‘, while Ms. Hien appeared “like a stage actress, comb with flower brooch. branching seeds …”.

She told her grandchild how to live: when living among common people, “all have the right to speak vulgar language”, but living in front of noble people “how should I behave?”. That is the behavior of Ms. Hien, of her friends, of Hanoians. Just as Ms. Hien confessed: “Every society has its upper class to be the standard for all values…”. That standard is all the quintessence, all the good things of the way of life, the way of life of culture, morality, and advanced civilization. That is the way of her life.

In the last part, the character “I” tells the story from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi to visit Ms. Hien after many years have passed. There are so many changes. The uncle has passed away, the children all have their own families, she is old and weak, over seventy

year old. But “she is still the person of today, pure Hanoi, not mixed”. The grandson talked about the reception room of Miss Hien’s family with the mahogany sofa “cang khanh”, a beautifully carved mahogany trunk, and a bag of other precious and antique heirlooms. The image of Ms. Hien – an old woman cleaning a bowl of red enamel daffodils when it’s cold outside, pouring rain, but her grandchild “sees so much Tet, Hanoi is so good, I want to stay a few more days to eat another Hanoi New Year’s Eve in Hanoi.” “. Ms. Hien cherished the good things of Thang Long culture. The image of Ms. Hien makes her nephew think about how to live, the mentality of living massively, pushing the loved ones of those who have just escaped death and suffering, “it’s not easy to have peace of mind to enjoy the solemn beauty of the family. a daffodil probe”.

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Ms. Hien repeated: “Many people who come to Hanoi have come back to life”. The nephew recounted some not-so-beautiful and unhappy phenomena that he had to witness “not very happy …” in the middle of the capital.

Ms. Hien laments about old age or thinks about everything in an idealistic way just like an old country woman. She told a story about the wind and storm that caused the ancient sycamore tree at Ngoc Son temple to tilt, the canopy to fall on the harem… at first she thought it was “change, a bad omen is the departure of a time”. But the sycamore tree did not die, it was cut down for firewood, but it was saved, and after a month, it produced new leaves. Ms. Hien said implicitly: “Heaven and earth are cyclical, the in and out of creation is unpredictable”.

The grandson was impressed, and whispered in his heart: “The old woman is so good, she is so humble and generous.” Ms. Hien is “a golden dust”, small, but very beautiful. Her soul, her personality along with many others is a beautiful symbol of the pure elegance and noble quality of Hanoi people.

Neither fragrant nor jasmine, Although not elegant, the people of Trang An.


The affection of the grandchild, the character “I” as well as each of us is “regrettable” when someone like Ms. Hien had to die, “a grain of Hanoi’s gold dust fell and sank deep into the ancient soil. “. We hope and wish for the elegant beauty and character of the Trang An people: “Particles of golden dust fluttering somewhere in every corner of Hanoi, borrow the wind and fly up to the land of the golden period!” .

The reflections of Ms. Hien and of her nephew at the end of the story A Hanoian make the narrator’s voice imbued with philosophical lyricism, elegant beauty, and the cultural lifestyle of the ancient people are shown impressively. through the character of Ms. Hien; We feel that the artistic portrait is covered by Nguyen Khai with layers of brilliant gold.

In 2010, the people of our country jubilantly celebrated one thousand years of Thang Long (1910-2010). The character of Ms. Hien, a golden dust, in Nguyen Khai’s volume One Hanoi, has been shining in each of us.

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“A Hanoian” is a typical short story for poet Nguyen Khai’s style of writing after 1975. Find out more about this short story, in addition to understanding the character of Ms. Hien in the story One Hanoian, Students can refer to many other useful learning materials such as: learn about Nguyen Khai’s work A Hanoian, The beauty of the character of Mrs. Hien in the short story A Hanoian, learn the beauties in Mrs. Hien’s thoughts and behavior in the short story One Hanoi, Comments on the narrative tone and the art of character building by Nguyen Khai in One Hanoi.

In Grade 12 Literature, the topic of understanding Trang’s character in Wife picks up is easy to meet in the important test. Students can refer to the sample essay to learn about Trang’s character so that they can develop good ideas and know how to do it correctly according to the grading scale.

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Shared source: School Cmm.edu.vn (thptsoctrang.edu.vn)

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